No matter what graph, diagram or table you are describing, you shouldn’t break these rules:

  • Spend 20 minutes on this task. A common mistake which candidates make is to spend longer on Task 2 and leave themselves 15 minutes or less to complete Task 1
  • Take Task 1 seriously, even though Task 2 carries double the marks
  • Skim the instructions and study the diagram. Use the general statement about the data to help you interpret the graph.

Spend the recommended 20 minutes á follows:

– 2 -3 minutes analysing and planning

– 14-15 minutes writing

– 2-3 minutes checking


The Introduction should describe the purpose of your report and say what overall trends you see.
For example, if the graph is climbing up or dropping down, you should mention that.You need to remember that you are describing a graph to someone who doesn’t see it. Write what the graph is about, its dates and location.

The Body should describe the most important trends, while all information is summarized to avoid unnecessary details. For example, if there is a graph that has 2 peaks, you should mention them; tell when those peaks appeared and what the peak values are. Notice how many distinctive features the diagram has and divide information into paragraphs, one paragraph per feature. You should link the paragraphs by sentences that logically connect them to one another.

Important! You need to write about all the periods of time and all the subjects of graph. If it shows several years (1992, 1993, 1994) – write about all of them, if it is about men and women – write about both. Remember, summarizing doesn’t mean throwing away information. The secret here is to select what’s important, organize it, compare and contrast.

The Conclusion should sum up the global trends shown on the graph and compare them if possible.

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